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Gemstone Buying Guide
Gemstone Buying Guide

Gemstone is a chunk of a mineral, cut and polished, for making jewellery and other attractive adornments for symbolizing love, grooming your personal appearance, and so on. Firstly, one should know that the gemstone rarity, grades them out. Quality doesn’t mean that one gemstone is better than the other, when compared. For instance, a 75-carat stone which is far rarer than the one-carat stone is much more expensive but it doesn’t mean that it is better than a 5-carat gemstone. There are a lot of factors you have to take into consideration for buying a perfect gemstone. So on a whole, a good graded gemstone only means that it is rare, it does not imply that it is more beautiful or durable. So when choosing a gemstone, make sure that you choose the one which appeals you the most.

The four C's are to be given top priority but other features mustn’t be forgotten. These C's are: colour, cut, clarity, carat and clarity. However it must be kept in mind that there are other factors that also must be kept in mind.

You should also know that by international coloured gems association colour components are broken up by considering three factors: Hue, (a form of appearance or light property by which gemstone colour is classified), Saturation, (purity of colour) and Tone (quality of colour in respect to absorption and reflection of light).

The gemstones with high value are characterized by pure hues and rich colours that are quite strong. When looking at gifted gems we get to know that subtle deviations can make a noticeable variation in price. If you have a strong personality than you should go for bold and strong colours; otherwise give preference to something softer and brighter. Your complexion and the way you dress also effects the kind of gemstones you buy. Gemstone’s which are deep and are rich in colour attracts special demand along with high pricing. You must know that a gemstone, with bold colour will not suit each and every complexion.

Based upon the grading terms, gemstones which are clear, medium-toned, concentrated and possess saturated popular colours are the most suitable. Colours in between hues or which are mute, might look extremely attractive, but are usually a lot cheaper when compared to the ones with medium-tone, high concentration and saturation.

When buying a gemstone you should also consider the clarity, as it is an important factor after the colour of the gemstone. A stone with beautiful colour might not be as clean as diamonds. Furthermore they shouldn’t be assessed by the same criteria as used for diamonds. As there is no standard way of determining clarity: it will vary from gem to gem. Valuable stones like rubies and sapphires are almost fully clean. Clarity should be preferred but it is the colour which is more important and displays the gemstone’s beauty. Some of the very clean gemstones list includes amethyst, aquamarine, blue topaz, tanzanite and yellow beryl etc. For your information, the gemstones with only few inclusions include iolite, peridot, ruby, sapphire, spinel and tourmaline. The ones which are heavily included are emeralds and red beryl. Good stones tend to be translucent and it’s the small inclusions within these stones which actually bounces-back the light and produces the sparkling effects.

You should also understand some basic gemstone cuts available, as cut is what actually beautifies and magnifies the gemstone’s look. A gemstone is said to be the best when it is being perfectly cut down for reflecting light in an even pattern without leaving darkness or windowing behind. A gemstone with the most brilliance is considered to be the best.

The more perfectly the stone is being cut the more beautiful it will be. There are so many different types of coloured gemstones available with different cuts. There are no grounds for how a stone should be cut but greater emphasis should be laid on yield and proportion, because it’s the positioning of the inclusions which can make a stone beautiful or unattractive.

You should select a stone that has the ability to reveal its hidden potential, without compromising on weight and value. There is no need to confuse cut with shape, as cut refers to how well the shape has been executed.

Adding to the factors that you should consider while buying gemstones, you should be well informed on the carat aspect. Carat is basically a metric unit for weighing the gemstone. One carat equals to 0.2 grams. The more the carats are the more expensive the stone tends to be. More carats doesn’t depict large size, more beauty etc. Basically it’s entirely up to you to find and select such a stone which has extreme beauty, nice weight, is perfectly cut, clear and possess value for money.

Just out of the blue, the earlier you buy, the chances are that you can find a good bargain or a cheaper gemstone, because the supply of gemstones is depleting at a very fast rate than expected.

As far as gemstone caring is concerned you have to keep in mind a lot of things. You have to make sure that you wear them very carefully and securely so that they don’t fall and break. You must make sure that you wear gemstones, after applying hairsprays, gels etc. Basically you have to use them mindfully. After wearing your jewellery you should clean it using a very soft piece of cloth and then put them in a safe and secure place that is soft and clean. In order to make a gemstone long lasting you have to clean it regularly. Gemstones like aquamarine, amber, citrine, diamond, emerald, garnet, peridot, pink tourmaline, ruby, sapphire, tanzanite, topaz can be cleaned with water but not from steamer, except for diamonds. For ruby and sapphire you can also use ultrasonic cleaner to clean.

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